Suitable for shade but less well-known are lady’s mantle and columbine. There are also the elegant Solomon’s seal and rodgersia.
“These wonderful leafy ornamental perennials like slightly more humid soils and become huge. Depending on the variety, the leaves are roundish or divided, like those of a chestnut tree, ” Lugerbauer says.
If you’re looking for a robust ground cover, she advises epimedium or aureola. Another classic for fully shaded locations: ferns.
Lugerbauer recommends the intricate, five-fingered fern (Adiantum pedatum), the tropical-looking royal fern (Osmunda regalis) and wintergreen Christmas fern (Polystichum) with the classic dark green fern fronds overhanging in an arch.
Whether or not you can grow edible plants depends on the type of shade. “Many varieties thrive in the shade, ” says Wagner.
“However, in severe northern climates, you must avoid certain fruit, vegetables or herbs – but you can experiment here.”
Chives, sorrel, parsley, mint and lemon balm will thrive.
Beetroot, radishes, leeks, carrots and kohlrabi are suitable for half-shade. “Cabbages, in particular, feel more comfortable in half-shade than in full sun, ” says the expert. – dpa/Melanie Oehlenbach